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One can describe Analytic Number Theory informally as being the elegant subject where ideas and concepts from real and complex analysis are applied to number-theoretic problems. This book is an overview of some important results in Analytic Number Theory. Topics include Dirichlet L-series, their analytic continuations and functional equations, including relevant supporting material on characters, Gamma functions and the Riemann Zeta-Function. We also examine Dirichlet's Theorem, giving the existence of infinitely many prime numbers congruent to a given "a modulo b" when "a" and "b" are coprime, the Prime Number Theorem for arithmetic progressions and the Poisson Summation Formula. We then discuss how these ideas can be applied to the theory of the so-called Negative Pell Equation, which is an interesting and unlikely application.

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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! In mathematics, the Poisson summation formula is an equation relating the Fourier series coefficients of the periodic summation of a function to values of the function's continuous Fourier transform. Consequently, the periodic summation of a function is completely defined by discrete samples of the original function's Fourier transform. The Poisson summation formula was discovered by Siméon Denis Poisson and is sometimes called Poisson resummation. In partial differential equations, the Poisson summation formula provides a rigorous justification for the fundamental solution of the heat equation with absorbing rectangular boundary by the method of images. Here the heat kernel on R2 is known, and that of a rectangle is determined by taking the periodization. The Poisson summation formula similarly provides a connection between Fourier analysis on Euclidean spaces and on the tori of the corresponding dimensions (Grafakos 2004).

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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! In mathematics, the Selberg trace formula, introduced by Selberg (1956), is an expression for the character of the unitary representation of G on the space L2(G/ ) of square-integrable functions, where G is a Lie group and a cofinite discrete group. The character is given by the trace of certain functions on G.The simplest case is when is cocompact, when the representation breaks up into discrete summands. Here the trace formula is an extension of the Frobenius formula for the character of an induced representation of finite groups. When is the cocompact subgroup Z of the real numbers G=R, the Selberg trace formula is essentially the Poisson summation formula.

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The tread of this book is formed by two fundamental principles of Harmonic Analysis: the Plancherel Formula and the Poisson S- mation Formula. We ?rst prove both for locally compact abelian groups. For non-abelian groups we discuss the Plancherel Theorem in the general situation for Type I groups. The generalization of the Poisson Summation Formula to non-abelian groups is the S- berg Trace Formula, which we prove for arbitrary groups admitting uniform lattices. As examples for the application of the Trace F- mula we treat the Heisenberg group and the group SL (R). In the 2 2 former case the trace formula yields a decomposition of the L -space of the Heisenberg group modulo a lattice. In the case SL (R), the 2 trace formula is used to derive results like the Weil asymptotic law for hyperbolic surfaces and to provide the analytic continuation of the Selberg zeta function. We ?nally include a chapter on the app- cations of abstract Harmonic Analysis on the theory of wavelets. The present book is a text book for a graduate course on abstract harmonic analysis and its applications. The book can be used as a follow up of the First Course in Harmonic Analysis, [9], or indep- dently, if the students have required a modest knowledge of Fourier Analysis already. In this book, among other things, proofs are given of Pontryagin Duality and the Plancherel Theorem for LCA-groups, which were mentioned but not proved in [9].

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A unique synthesis of the three existing Fourier-analytic treatments of quadratic reciprocity. The relative quadratic case was first settled by Hecke in 1923, then recast by Weil in 1964 into the language of unitary group representations. The analytic proof of the general n-th order case is still an open problem today, going back to the end of Hecke's famous treatise of 1923. The Fourier-Analytic Proof of Quadratic Reciprocity provides number theorists interested in analytic methods applied to reciprocity laws with a unique opportunity to explore the works of Hecke, Weil, and Kubota. This work brings together for the first time in a single volume the three existing formulations of the Fourier-analytic proof of quadratic reciprocity. It shows how Weil's groundbreaking representation-theoretic treatment is in fact equivalent to Hecke's classical approach, then goes a step further, presenting Kubota's algebraic reformulation of the Hecke-Weil proof. Extensive commutative diagrams for comparing the Weil and Kubota architectures are also featured. The author clearly demonstrates the value of the analytic approach, incorporating some of the most powerful tools of modern number theory, including adèles, metaplectric groups, and representations. Finally, he points out that the critical common factor among the three proofs is Poisson summation, whose generalization may ultimately provide the resolution for Hecke's open problem.

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This book is a new edition of a title originally published in1992. No other book has been published that treats inverse spectral and inverse scattering results by using the so called Poisson summation formula and the related study of singularities. This book presents these in a closed and comprehensive form, and the exposition is based on a combination of different tools and results from dynamical systems, microlocal analysis, spectral and scattering theory. The content of the first edition is still relevant, however the new edition will include several new results established after 1992; new text will comprise about a third of the content of the new edition. The main chapters in the first edition in combination with the new chapters will provide a better and more comprehensive presentation of importance for the applications inverse results. These results are obtained by modern mathematical techniques which will be presented together in order to give the readers the opportunity to completely understand them. Moreover, some basic generic properties established by the authors after the publication of the first edition establishing the wide range of applicability of the Poison relation will be presented for first time in the new edition of the book.

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A unique synthesis of the three existing Fourier-analytic treatments of quadratic reciprocity. The relative quadratic case was first settled by Hecke in 1923, then recast by Weil in 1964 into the language of unitary group representations. The analytic proof of the general n-th order case is still an open problem today, going back to the end of Hecke's famous treatise of 1923. The Fourier-Analytic Proof of Quadratic Reciprocity provides number theorists interested in analytic methods applied to reciprocity laws with a unique opportunity to explore the works of Hecke, Weil, and Kubota. This work brings together for the first time in a single volume the three existing formulations of the Fourier-analytic proof of quadratic reciprocity. It shows how Weil's groundbreaking representation-theoretic treatment is in fact equivalent to Hecke's classical approach, then goes a step further, presenting Kubota's algebraic reformulation of the Hecke-Weil proof. Extensive commutative diagrams for comparing the Weil and Kubota architectures are also featured. The author clearly demonstrates the value of the analytic approach, incorporating some of the most powerful tools of modern number theory, including adeles, metaplectric groups, and representations. Finally, he points out that the critical common factor among the three proofs is Poisson summation, whose generalization may ultimately provide the resolution for Hecke's open problem.

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